Strings in Memory
For both languages it depends. There are ways to store on the stack and on the heap. But I'm creating this page anyways to point out the difference between C using a \0 while Rust uses a different approach.
In C the string is stored on the stack and has a \0 at the end. Which is the null character according to the ASCII table.
"12345" is stored in memory as
31 32 33 34 35 00. This is the same on little endian or big endian. Which makes text data more platform independent than binary data.